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ANIMAL LAWS IN INDIA

PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS ACT 1960 (ACT 59 OF 1960) UNDER SECTION 11


Offences

Beating, kicking, overriding, torturing or causing any animal pain or suffering by the owner or any other persons (tongawallas and cart-owners). Using any animal for work when it is wounded or unfit.


OVERLOADING

Any weight exceeding the limits given below:

 

Two wheeled Vehicles without ball Bearing or Pneumatic Tryes

• Small Bullock or Buffalo -500 kgs

 

• Medium Bullock or Buffalo -700 kgs

 

• Horse -500 kgs

 

• Camel -1000 kgs

 


Pack Animals

• Small Bullock or Buffalo -100 kgs

• Medium Bullock or Buffalo -150 kgs

• Large Bullock or Buffalo -175 kgs

• Pony -70 kgs

• Mule -200 kgs

• Donkey -50 kgs

• Camel -250 kgs


Permissible loading in a truck is only 4 buffaloes or 40 sheep / goats. Animals in tempos are not allowed. Only 4 passengers excluding the driver are allowed on a Tonga or a total of 325 Kgs.

Carrying or transporting animals in such a manner that it causes suffering. Carrying of Chickens upside down on cycles, carrying in a small vehicle, goats, sheep, pigs, cattle with their legs tied .

Caging or confining an animal in a cage, which does not allow the animal sufficient space for movement. Overcrowding of animals in the yard during transportation for slaughter. This applies to the cages of circus animals and mini zoos as well.

Failing to provide pet animals with sufficient food, drink or shelter. Abandoning an animal when old or diseased, keeping it on a short leash and providing insufficient exercise. Pet owners are covered under this act.

Mutilating an animal: cutting ears or tails, cutting the beaks of birds or clipping their wings and breaking legs for transportation.

Giving any animal an injurious drug. All dairy owners who give oxytocin injections to their milch cattle can be raided and their dairies shut down.Organizing or offering an area for animal fights or baiting animals (cock/ram fighting, snake and mongoose fights).


PENALTY

All these offences are punishable with a fine which may extend upto Rs. 100/- or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 months, or both.


UNDER SECTION 12 : OFFENCE


Any person using injections of any kind, conducting any operation called Phooka or Doom Dev to improve lactation of cows or any other milch cattle.


PENALTY

The offender may be punished with a fine of Rs. 1000/- or with imprisonment, which may extend to 2 years, or with both and the animal will be confiscated by the Government Officer.


The police officer can keep the animal in the dispensary before it is produced before a magistrate, so long as the time does not exceed 3 days. A police officer may unsaddle or unload an animal he suspects is unfit or too sick to carry out the work it is doing.


UNDER SECTION 21 AND 22 : OFFENCE


It is an offence to exhibit and train performing animals (all madaris, snake charmers, bear and monkey performers are covered under this section). Animal 'joyrides' are also covered under this act. Under government notification GSR 619(E) dated 14.10.1998 circuses may not use the following animals for training or exhibition; bears, monkeys, tigers, panthers and lions.


PENALTY

The offender may be punished with a fine of Rs. 500/- or with imprisonment, which may extend to 3 months, or both.


WILDLIFE PROTECTION ACT 1972 UNDER SECTION 9, 32, 40(2)


Offences

Hunting, keeping or breeding of any animals and birds. Acquiring, receiving, keeping in control, custody or possession, selling wild animals like monkeys, snakes, bears etc. or any wild birds. This includes parakeets and mynahs.

Selling skins or meat of wild animals. This includes monitor lizard oil or oil made of any other creature. Stuffed squirrels, snake skins or peacock feathers.


PENALTY

The offender shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term of not less than 1 yr, which may extend to 6 yrs with a fine which shall not be less then Rs. 5000/-.


UNDER SECTION 38( J ) : OFFENCE


Teasing, injuring or causing any disturbance in the Zoo.


PENALTY

The offender shall be punishable with imprisonment for 6 months or with a fine, which may extend to Rs. 2000/-, or with both.


INDIAN PENAL COURT 1860 UNDER SECTION 428, 429.


Mischief of killing or maiming of an animal of any value above Rs. 10/-. This includes bulls, oxen, horses, mules, camels etc.


PENALTY

The offender shall be punishable with imprisonment, which may extend to 5 yrs or with fine, or both.


BOMBAY POLICE ACT 1951 UNDER SECTION 73 TO 79 AND 99.


Under this act the police has been given special powers to take action when an animal offence has been committed. When a police officer has reason to believe an offence under section 11 and 12 of the Prevention Of Cruelty To Animals Act has occurred, he may seize the animal and take it to a veterinary. A police officer may arrest, without a warrant from a magistrate any person committing in his presence any offence punishable as mentioned above.